Joint UK-China Offshore Renewable Energy (ORE) Consortium: ResilientWind

RESILIent and ENvironmenT-friendly Power Collection System for Next Generation Offshore WIND Farms (ResilientWind)

Reports for the UK Government:

  1. X.-P. Zhang, “Emerging Capability on Power System Modelling: System Security, Resilience and Recovery Modelling,” Report for UK Government Science Office, 2015
    PDF(841 k)
  2. X.-P. Zhang, “Emerging Capability on Power System Modelling: HVDC Systems,” Report for UK Government Science Office, 2015
    PDF(883 k)


X-P Zhang, Restructured Electric Power Systems电力系统重组: 基于均衡模型的电力市场分析, ISBN: 978-7-5123-8815-4, Chinese Edition, China Electric Power Press中国电力出版社. June 2016

X-P Zhang, C Rehtanz, B C Pal, Flexible AC Transmission Systems: Modelling and Control, Monograph, Springer Power Systems Series, ISBN 978-3-642-28240-9, Springer, Second Edition, 550 pages, March 2012.

X-P Zhang, C Rehtanz, B C Pal, Flexible AC Transmission Systems: Modelling and Control, Monograph, Springer Power Systems Series, ISBN 978-7-111-42687-0, Chinese Edition, 369 pages, Feb 2015.

X-P Zhang, C Rehtanz, B C Pal, Flexible AC Transmission Systems: Modelling and Control, ISBN 3-540-30606-4, Monograph, Springer Power Systems Series, ( 540 30606 4), 383 pages, Springer, March 2006.

DM Potts & L Zdravković. Finite element analysis in geotechnical engineering: theory, London: Thomas Telford, 1999.
DM Potts & L Zdravković. Finite element analysis in geotechnical engineering: theory and application, London: Thomas Telford, 2001.

Invited Journal Review Papers/Editorials:

  1. X.-P. Zhang (Guest Editor in Chief), P. Zeng, “Marine Energy Technology [Sanning the Issue]”, Proc. IEEE vol. 101, no. 4, pp. 862–865, 2013
    DOI: 10.1109/TSG.2013.2278599
    张小平教授2013年在IEEE会刊IEEE Proceedings主编的海洋能技术专辑。该专辑涵盖风力发电技术,海浪发电技术,潮汐能发电技术,和海上风电互联技术及对环境的影响。
  2. F. Wu, P. Ju, X.-P. Zhang, et al, (Invited Article) “Modeling, Control Strategy, and Power Conditioning for Direct-Drive Wave Energy Conversion to Operate With Power Grid,” Proc. IEEE, vol.101, no.4, pp.925-941,April 2013.
  3. X.-P. Zhang, (Journal Cover) “Marine Energy: The Key for the Development of Sustainable Energy Supply,” Proc. IEEE, vol.100, no.1, 2012, pp. 3-5
  4. P. Du, N. Lu, J. Wang, X.-P. Zhang, R. Masiello, M. Henderson, “Guest Editorial: Introduction to the special section on energy storage applications for smart grid”, IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 935 – 936, Mar. 2014
    DOI: 10.1109/TSG.2014.2305312
  5. X.-P. Zhang (Guest Editor in Chief), R. Belmans,  D. Kirschen,  D. Sun, E. Vaahedi, Y. Xue, “
    Guest Editorial: Introduction to the special section on planning and operation of transmission grid with applications to smart grid& – From concept to implementation”,  IEEE Trans. on Smart Grid, vol. 4 , no. 3, pp. 1619–1620, 2013
    DOI: 10.1109/TSG.2013.2278599

Journal/Conference Publications:

Environmental Sciences/Civil Engineering

  1. Bourgeois, S., Archambault, P. & Witte, U.(2017) ‘Organic matter remineralization in marine sediments: a Pan-Arctic synthesis’. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. DOI: 10.1002/2016GB005378
  2. Cordes, EE., Jones, DO., Schlacher, TA., Amon, DJ., Bernardino, AF., Brooke, S., Carney, R., DeLeo, DM., Dunlop, KM., Escobar-Briones, EG., Gates, AR., Génio, L., Gobin, J., Henry, L-A, Herrera, S., Hoyt, S., Joye, S., Kark, S., Mestre, NC., Metaxas, A., Pfeifer, S., Sink, K., Sweetman, AK. & Witte, UF. (2016). ‘Environmental Impacts of the Deep-Water Oil and Gas Industry: A Review to Guide Management Strategies’. Frontiers in Environmental Science, vol 4, 58. DOI: 10.3389/FENVS.2016.00058
  3. Woulds, C., Bouillon, S., Cowie, GL., Drake, E., Middelburg, JJ. & Witte, U. (2016). ‘Patterns of carbon processing at the seafloor: The role of faunal and microbial communities in moderating carbon flows’. Biogeosciences, vol 13, no. 15, pp. 4343-4357. DOI: 10.5194/BG-13-4343-2016
  4. Orejas, C., Gori, A., Rad-Menéndeze, C., Last, KS., Davies, AJ., Beveridge, CM., Sadd, D., Kiriakoulakis, K., Witte, U. & Roberts, JM. (2016). ‘The effect of flow speed and food size on the capture efficiency and feeding behaviour of the cold-water coral Lopheliapertusa’. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, vol 481, pp. 34-40. DOI: 10.1016/J.JEMBE.2016.04.002
  5. Serpetti, N., Witte, UFM. & Heath, MR. (2016). ‘Statistical modelling of variability in sediment-water nutrient and oxygen fluxes’. Frontiers in Earth Science, vol 4, 65. DOI: 10.3389/FEART.2016.00065
  6. Willsteed E, Gill AB, Birchenough SNR, Jude S (2017). Assessing the cumulative environmental effects of marine renewable energy developments: Establishing common ground. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT 577: 19-32
  7. Rivier, A, Bennis AC, Pinon G (2016).Parameterization of wind turbine impacts on hydrodynamics and sediment transport. OCEAN DYNAMICS 66 (10): 1285-1299
  8. ZetscheEM, PatersonD, LumsdonDG , WitteU (2011). Temporal variation in the sediment permeability of an intertidal sandflat .MEPS 449: 49-63
  9. He FL, Armbruster D*, Herty Me t al. Feedback control for priority rules in re-entrant semiconductor manufacturing[J]. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 2015, 39(16): 4655-4664.
  10. He FL, Dong M* and Shao XF, Modeling and Analysis of Material Flows in Re-entrant Supply Chain Networks Using Modified Partial Differential Equations, Journal of Applied Mathematics, Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 325690, 14 pages
  11. He FL, Dong M* and Yang D, Modeling and Analysis of Reentrant Manufacturing Systems: Micro-and Macro-perspectives. Mathematical Problems in Engineering, Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 139896, 17 pages
  12. Dong M*, He FL. A new continuous model for multiple re-entrant manufacturing systems[J]. European Journal of Operational Research, 2012, 223(3): 659-668.
  13. Dong M*, He FL, Wu ZG. Optimal control of a continuum model for single-product re-entrant manufacturing systems[J]. International Journal of Production Research, 2011, 49(21): 6363-6385.
  14. Dong M*, He FL, Wei HR. Energy supply network design optimization for distributed energy systems[J]. Computers & Industrial Engineering, 2012, 63(3): 546-552.
  15. Chen Z, Doi Y. Numerical Study on Relaminarization in Fish-like Locomotion [J]. Journal of The Society of Naval Architects of Japan, 2002, 191: 9-16.
  16. Chen Z, Doi Y. Numerical Simulation on Laminar-Turbulent Flow around Fish-Like Advancing Wing [J]. Transactions of The West-Japan Society of Naval Architects, 2001, 103: 245-253.
  17. Chen Z, Doi, Y. Numerical Investigation on Propulsion by Undulating Plate [J]. Journal of The Society of Naval Architects of Japan, 2000, 188: 359-366.
  18. M Christou, C Swan, and O Gudmestad, “The interaction of surface water waves with submerged breakwaters”, Coastal Eng., vol. 55, pp. 945-958, 2008.
  19. R Gibson, M Christou, and G Feld, “The statistics of wave height and crest elevation during the December 2012 storm in the North Sea”, Ocean Dynamics, vol. 64, pp. 1305-1317, 2014.
  20. D Taborda, DM Potts and L Zdravkovic, “On the assessment of energy dissipated through hysteresis in finite element analysis”, Computers and Geotechnics, vol. 71, pp. 180-194, 2016.
  21. D Taborda, L Zdravkovic, S Kontoe, and D Potts, “Computational study on the modification of a bounding surface plasticity model for sands”, Computers and Geotechnics, vol. 59, pp. 145-160, 2014.

Renewable Energy/Power Converters/Energy Networks

  1. W Lin, D Jovcic, S.Nguefeu and H Saad “Full Bridge MMC Converter Optimal Design to HVDC Operational Requirements” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol 31, no 3, 2016, pp1342-1350 ,
  2. A. Jamshidifar and D.Jovcic “Small Signal Dynamic DQ Model of Modular Multilevel Converter for System Studies” IEEE Transactions on Power delivery, vol 31, no 1, February 2016, pp 191-199
  3. M.Hajian, L.Zhang and D.Jovcic “DC Transmission Grid with Low Speed Protection using Mechanical DC Circuit Breakers” IEEE Transaction son Power Delivery, vol 30, no 3, June 2015, pp1383-1391
  4. D.Jovcic and A. Jamshidifar “Phasor Model of Modular Multilevel Converter with Circulating Current Suppression Control” IEEE Transactions on Power delivery, vol 30, no 4, August 2015 pp 1889-1897:
  5. W Lin and D Jovcic“ Average modelling of medium frequency DC/DC converters in dynamic studies” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 30, no.1, January 2015, pp 281-289
  6. D Jovcic, M.Taherbaneh, J.P.Taisne, S.Nguefeu, “Offshore DC Grids as an Interconnection of Radial Systems: Protection and Control aspects” IEEE Transactions on Smart Grids, vol. 6, no. 2, March 2015, pp 903-910
  7. W Lin and D Jovcic “LCL and L VSC Converters With dc Fault Current Limiting Property and Minimal Power Losses” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 29, no. 5, October 2014, pp 2359-2368
  8. D Jovcic and W Lin, “Multiport High power LCL DC hub for use in DC transmission grids ” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 29, no. 2, 2014, pp 760-768.
  9. T K Vrana, Y Yang, D Jovcic, S Dennetière, J Jardini, H Saad, ‘The CIGRE B4 DC Grid Test System”, ELECTRA issue 270, October 2013, pp 10-19.
  10. J. Pereda and T. C. Green, “Direct Modular Multilevel Converter With Six Branches for Flexible Distribution Networks,” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 1728-1737, Aug. 2016.
  11. E. Prieto-Araujo; A. Junyent-Ferre; G. Clariana-Colet; O. Gomis-Bellmunt, “Control of Modular Multilevel Converters under Singular Unbalanced Voltage Conditions with Equal Positive and Negative Sequence Components,” IEEE Transactions on Power Systems , vol. PP, no. 99, pp.1-1 (waiting for publication, available online)
  12. A. Junyent-Ferre, Y. Pipelzadeh and T. C. Green, “Blending HVDC-Link Energy Storage and Offshore Wind Turbine Inertia for Fast Frequency Response,” IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 1059-1066, July 2015.
  13. Y. Xue, X.-P. Zhang, “Reactive Power and AC Voltage Control of LCC HVDC System with Controllable Capacitors,” IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 753-764, Jan. 2017.
    Most popular articles among articles published since 1986 (Ranks 1st in Jan 2017)
  14. Y. Xue, X.-P. Zhang and C. Yang, “Elimination of Commutation Failures of LCC HVDC System with Controllable Capacitors,” IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 3289-3299, Jul. 2016.
    Download Rate: Ranks 5th in Aug 2016
  15. P. Wang, X.-P. Zhang, P. F. Coventry, R. Zhang, “Start-Up Control of an Offshore Integrated MMC MTDC System with Reduced DC Voltage”, IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 31, no. 4, 2016, pp. 2740-2751, Jul. 2016.
    Download Rate: Ranks 1st in Sept – Oct 2016
  16. Puyu Wang, Xiao-Ping Zhang, Paul F. Coventry, Ray Zhang, Zhou Li, “Control and protection sequence for recovery and reconfiguration of an offshore integrated MMC multi-terminal HVDC system under DC faults,” International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems vol.86, pp. 81-92, March 2017
  17. N. Deng, P. Wang, X.-P. Zhang, “Small-signal Stability Analysis and Control System Design of a Meshed Multi-terminal High-Voltage Direct Current Grid with a Current Flow Controller,” ELECTR POW COMPO SYS, vol. 44, no.9, 2016, pp.955 – 965.
  18. J. Deng, C. Li, and X.-P. Zhang, “Coordinated Design of Multiple Robust FACTS Damping Controllers: A BMI-based Sequential Approach with Multi-model Systems”, IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 30, no. 6, pp. 3150 – 3159, Jan. 2015.
  19. X. Zhao, Z. Yan, X.-P. Zhang, “A Wind-Wave Farm System With Self-Energy Storage and Smoothed Power Output,” IEEE Access, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 8634-8642, Nov. 2016.
  20. J. Li, X.-P. Zhang, “Small Signal Stability of Fractional Frequency Transmission System with Offshore Wind Farms,” IEEE Trans. Sustain. Energy, vol.7, no.4, pp. 1538 – 1546, Oct. 2016.
  21. F. Wu, X.-P. Zhang, K. Godfrey, P. Ju, “Small Signal Analysis and Optimal Control of a Wind Turbine with Doubly Fed Induction Generator”, IET – Generation, Transmission and Distribution (ISSN Print: 1751-8687; Online: 1751-8695), vol. 1, no. 5, September 2007, pp. 751-760
    Most Cited Journal Papers (ranks 1st).
  22. Changjiang Sun, Jianwen Zhang, Xu Cai, Gang Shi, Analysis and Arm Voltage Control of Isolated Modular Multilevel DC-DC Converter with Asymmetric Branch Impedance, IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, accepted.
  23. Changjiang Sun, Jianwen Zhang, Xu Cai, Gang Shi, Voltage Balancing Control of Isolated Modular Multilevel DC-DC Converter for Use in DC Grids with Zero Voltage Switching, IET Power Electronics, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 270-280, 2016.
  24. Yiran Chang, Xu Cai, Jianwen Zhang, Gang Shi, Bifurcate modular multilevel converter for low modulation-ratio applications, IET Power Electronics, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 145-154, 2016.
  25. Gang Shi, Jianwen Zhang, Xu Cai, Miao Zhu, Liangzhong Yao, Improved Variable Speed Control of Series-Connected DC Wind Turbines for Offshore Wind Power Collection to HVDC System, IET Renewable Power Generation, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 843-851, 2016.
  26. Xu Cai, Gang Shi, Yongning Chi, et al, Present Status and Future Development of Offshore All-DC Wind Farm, Proceedings of the CSEE, 2016, 36(8): 2036-2048.
  27. Changjiang Sun, Jianwen Zhang, Xu Cai, Current-fed Operation of Isolated MMC-based DC Transformer, Proceedings of the CSEE, 2016, 36(7): 1977-1986.
  28. Yiran Chang, Xu Cai, MMC Based Wind Power Converters for Offshore DC Wind Farms, Proceedings of the CSEE, 2016, 36(14): 3789-3797.
  29. Renxin Yang, Changjiang Sun, Xu Cai, Exploration on Topologies of Modular Multilevel Multi-port DC-DC Substations Applied in Offshore DC Wind Farm, Proceedings of the CSEE, 2016, 36(S1): 61-68.
  30. Yang Fu ,Lisha Huang,Hengyi Zhang,Yang Mi,Fangxi Li. DFIG Virtual Inertia Control in Micro-grid Based on Setting Trigger Condition and ZN Method for Parameters Optimization,IET Generation ,Transmission & Distribution, DOI: 10.1049/iet-gtd.2016.0905
  31. Shurong Wei, Lu Zhang, Yao Xu, Yang Fu*, Fangxing Li. Hierarchical Optimization for the Double-Sided Ring Structure of the Collector System Planning of Large Offshore Wind Farms, IEEE Transaction on Sustainable Energy. DOI 10.1109/TSTE.2016.2646061
  32. X.Y. Bian, Yan Geng, Yang Fu*, Lightning-Induced Magnetic Field Distribution on Cable-Stayed Bridge Based on Modified Equivalent Circuit Method, IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, November 2015,Volume 51, Issue 11:1~4
  33. X.Y. Bian, X.X. Huang, K.C. Wong, K.L. Lo, Yang Fu*, Improvement on probabilistic small-signal stability of power system with large-scale wind farm integration, International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems, October 2014,61(10):482-488
  34. X.Y. Bian, Yan Geng, Kwok L Lo, Yang Fu, Coordination of PSSs and SVC Damping Controller to Improve Probabilistic Small-Signal Stability of Power System with Wind Farm Integration, IEEE Transactions on Power System, May 2016,Volume 31, Issue 3: 2371-2382
  35. FU Yang, XU Hanlu, HUANG Lingling. Life-cycle Cost Analysis of Power Collection System in Offshore Wind Farm, Automation of electric power system.2016, 40(21):161-167
  36. HUANG Lingling, CAO Jialin, ZHANG Kaihua, FU Yang, XU Hanlu. Status and Prospects on Operation and Maintenance of Offshore Wind Turbines. Proceedings of the CSEE,2016,36(3):729-738
  37. WEI Shurong, ZHANG Lu, FU Yang, et al. Early Fault Detection Based on the Quasi-sequence Impedance for Inter-turn Faults in Stator Windings of Offshore Wind DFIG. Proceedings of the CSEE. 2017.37(1):273-281.
  38. FU Yang, WU Jing, WEI Shurong, “Topology Optimization and Planning of Power Collection System for Large-Scale Offshore Wind Farm”, Power System Technology, vol. 37, no. 9, pp. 2553-2559, 2013.
  39. HUANG Lingling,FU Yang,GUO Xiaoming,et al. Reliability evaluation of wind power collection system for offshore wind farm[J]. Power System Technology,2010,34( 7) : 169-174.
  40. Huang Lingling, Tang Hua, Cao Jialin, Ye Jun, Fu Yang. Analysis and Prospects of Offshore AC Substation Design Technology[J]. Proceedings of the CSEE, (waiting for publication).
  41. ZHOU Yuebin, RAO Hong, XU Shukai, LUO Yu, LI Xiaolin, An Equivalent Efficient Modeling Approach for Diode Clamp Sub-module Based MMC, Proceedings of the CSEE, vol. 36, no. 7, April 2016, pp. 1925-1932
  42. Hong Rao. Architecture of Nan’ao Multi-Terminal VSC-HVDC System and Its Multi-Functional Control. CSEE Journal of Power and Energy Systems, vol.1, no. 1, 2015, pp. 9-18.
  43. LUO Yu, RAO Hong, XU Shukai, LI Xiaolin, Efficient Modeling for Cascading Multilevel Converters, Proceedings of the CSEE, vol. 34, no. 15, May, 2014, pp. 2346-2352.

Conference Papers

  1. Dai Y., Chen, Z. and Zheng Y. CFD Research on Ship Self-propulsion Performance with Body-force Propeller Model. International Workshop on Ship and Marine Hydrodynamics, Aug. 26-28, 2015, Glasgow, UK
  2. Xu, H., G. Deng, Y. Li, X. Wang, H. Wu, Q. Zhou, and B. Jiang. 2016. “Numerical Simulation for Tidal Current Turbine Siting Metrics of Zhoushan Archipelago.” In OCEANS 2016 – Shanghai, 1–7.


  1. “HVDC converter including full-bridge cells for handling a DC side short circuit” DR Trainer, W Crookes, TC Green, MMC Merlin – US Patent 8,867,244, 2014.
  2. “Elimination of commutation failure by hybrid hvdc system” X.P. Zhang, Y. Xue – WO2016177991 A1, 2015.